**Spacetime & Substance**

International Physical Journal

**CONTENTS of No. 3(23)-2004**

A. Pradhan and S. K. Singh.GENERATION OF BIANCHI TYPE V COSMOLOGICAL MODELS WITH VARYING Lambda-TERM (97)

Kazuo Ota Cottrell.A REEXAMINATION OF SPACETIME TRANSFORMATIONS FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF MATTER WAVES (104)

Amrit Sorli, Kusum Sorli.UNIVERSE AND LIFE ORIGINATED FROM SPACE (113)

Yu.A.Kovalev, Y.Y.Kovalev.ABOUT THE RAPID RADIO VARIABILITY NATURE OF QUASARS AND MICROQUASARS (116)

S.S.Sannikov-Proskuryakov.A NEW WAVE MECHANICS (121)

V.S.Scherbak.ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD OF THE RELATIVISTIC MAGNETIC ROTATOR (125)

V.S.Scherbak.EXCHANGE INTERACTION IN A COUPLE OF RELATIVISTIC MAGNETIC ROTATORS, SYNCHRONOUSLY CONNECTED (128)

AndrijaS.Radovic.N OR M HIPOTHESIS? (133)

B.S.Yuldashev and R.S Sharafiddinov.SPIN POLARIZATION TYPE DEPENDENCE OF THE NEUTRINO MASS AND NATURE (137)

Jorge Guala-Valverde, Pedro Mazzoni.CONFINED B-FIELD HOMOPOLAR DYNAMOTOR (139)

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Bianchi type V bulk viscous fluid cosmological models are investigated with cosmological term $\Lambda$ varying with time. Using a generation technique (Ram, 1990), it is shown that the Einstein's field equations are solvable for any arbitrary cosmic scale function. Starting from particular solutions, new classes of solutions are obtained. The cosmological constant is found to be decreasing function of time, which is supported by results from recent type Ia supernovae observations. Some physical aspects of the models are also discussed.

This work seeks to examine whether there is a natural way for the formalism of special relativity to embrace massless objects which move at the speed of light, by asking if the spacetime coordinates of such objects can be transformed from one inertial reference frame to another. The result of using matter waves as the embodiment of wave-particle duality in an attempt to include only the guiding principle of quantum mechanics in the derivation of the Lorentz transformation equations is presented. This allows one to incorporate the comoving velocity of an object into the transformation equations in a natural way. We call the resulting transformation equations the general forms of the Einstein-Lorentz transformations (GLT). The general forms of the Einstein-Lorentz transformations (GLT) are found to reduce to the usual forms of the Lorentz transformation equations in our spacetime, revealing that the velocity of an arbitrary object in our spacetime is equal to c, the speed of light. We find as a result of the general reformulation that mass is an apparent quantity, i.e., one that is represented by an indeterminate mathematical expression. A method for dealing with such indeterminate quantities will be presented in a subsequent work.

Einstein emphasises in his work (1918-1930) that space has its physical properties; gravitational force was attributed to space. He came to the conclusion that cosmic space could play a role in the formation of elementary particles. Basic organic molecules that are needed for the development of life have been discovered within the observable cosmic space. The whole universe is in a phase of chemical evolution. Some experiments show that the bodily functions of living organisms are directly related to the gravitational potential of cosmic space. Cosmic space plays an active role in the evolution of the universe and of life.

A hypothesis is suggested that the rapid radio variability of quasars and microquasars and the long-term radio variability of quasars are analogous in nature. A physical model of quasars, developed by the authors, is used for numerical simulation of rapid radio variability. Earlier it was successfully applied to interpret shape and structure of broadband multi-frequency spectra and long-term variability of quasars from 0.3 to 100 GHz, including instantaneous 1--22 GHz spectra, obtained recently at the RATAN--600 radio telescope. Particularly, a broadband centimeter component of an observed spectrum of a radio source reveals a long-term variability. This component was explained by a spectrum of the continuous relativistic jet, moving away from the active core of an object in a strong longitudinal magnetic field. We simulate rapid variability of the radio emission in the same model by the rapidly varying flow of relativistic particles injected from the active core. Simulated amplitude and rate of rapid radio variability is defined by amplitude, profile, and speed of rapid changes of the flow of relativistic particles, and is also dependent on effective size $R$ of the active core. Models of microquasars suggest $R$ to be less than that in models of quasars. The less the size $R$, the faster and the stronger would be a reaction (namely, the jet emission variability) to rapid changes in flow of emitting particles.

In our previous papers it is demonstrated that in high energy region there is a proper quantum theory principally distinduished from the Heisenberg-Schroedinger one. It means that the usual quantum theory is not complete. Here we formulate the completeness procedure for Schroedinger wave mechanics. Hereby considering non-relativistic version naturally to use the theory of commutative functional rings. As a result we get the unique completeness procedure for the Heisenberg picture too. The new quantum scheme is based on the non-separable ring of functions (non-separable Hilbert space).

Theory of the magnetic rotator is considered. The specific cylinder is formed around the relativistic magnetic rotator in which walls the values of magnetic and dielectric penetration of the perfect vacuum in the directions radial and parallel spin axes tend to infinity asymptotically.

It is shown in the article that the relativistic magnetic rotator has a series of earlier unknown properties, which allow to explain the behavior of elementary particles in microcosm: precession of elementary particles spins, physical nature of an exchange interaction in molecular and nuclear bonds. The existence proof of earlier unknown properties at a synchronously rotated couple of relativistic magnetic rotators is given in the article.

The article has intention to show that M hypothesis is valid and that presently accepted one is not, i.e. that N hypothesis seriously violates Law of Momentum Conservation. It is shown on simply and comprehensive way using only basic physics laws easily understandable to everybody even with elementary physics knowledge. M hypothesis claims that magnetic field is moveable and N hypothesis claims that magnetic field is static one.

The interaction with field of a nucleus of longitudinal and transversal neutrinos (antineutrinos) have been investigated at the account of their rest mass, charge, magnetic, anapole and electric dipole moments. Compound structure of these processes cross sections has sharply expressed features and generalities for any lepton as well as for a massive Majorana neutrino. A new influence of truly neutral neutrinos masses to the elastic scattering by nuclei of the electric charge have been discovered which testifies about the existence of fundamental differences both in nature and in masses of longitudinal and transversal neutrinos of Majorana.

Following our investigation of motional electromagnetic induction started in this journal [1], we search for torque location in {``confined}{{B-}}field''} homopolar dynamotors. Angular momentum conservation precludes a local interaction between the magnet creating the field and a current carrying wire, as happens in the {``open}{{B}}{-field''} configurations formerly investigated. Angular momentum balance takes place now between the active current and the magnet plus the yoke as a whole.

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