Spacetime & Substance
International Physical Journal
CONTENTS of No. 5(15)-2002
V.S.Troitskij, V.I.Aleshin. EXPERIMENTAL EVIDENCE OF THE MICROWAVE BACKGROUND RADIATION FORMATION THROUGH THE THERMAL RADIATION OF METAGALAXY STARS (193)
Yu.M.Galaev. THE MEASURING OF ETHER-DRIFT VELOCITY AND KINEMATIC ETHER VISCOSITY WITHIN OPTICAL WAVES BAND (207)
S.N. Arteha. ON THE BASIS FOR GENERAL RELATIVITY THEORY (225)
N.A.Zhuck. ANOMALIES IN MOVEMENT OF PIONEER 10/11 AND THEIR EXPLANATION (234)
Ricardo Achilles. AGAIN ON THE GUALA-VALVERDE HOMOPOLAR-INDUCTION EXPERIMENTS (235)
CONTENTS OF ISSUES FOR 2002 YEAR (238)
The paper is devoted to the development of the theory of microwave background formation through the optical radiation of Metagalaxy stars which is transformed due to the redshift into the microwave and infrared star background radiation. An application of the theory to the model of a stationary nonexpanding Universe of a size not less than 40--50 thousand Mpc shows that the star microwave background is not strictly the blackbody one. Its brightness temperature and spectral density correspond to $2.73K$ in Rayleigh-Jeans region of the background $\lambda > 1mm$, but grow significantly in submillimeter,infrared and optical wave ranges. This prediction is confirmed by available measurements up to optical wavelengths. Besides, the value and dependence of small-space background fluctuations on the angular resolution and the wavelength predicted by the theory is in a good agreement with the experimental data. Finally, the fact, mysterious from the background relic origin point of view, of equality of the volume background energy density and the optical star radiation energy has a very simple and natural explanation. An application of the theory to the closed model of the Universe in the big-bang cosmology shows that at wavelengths $\lambda >1mm$ the star background is negligibly small (no more then 0.1K), but at submillimeter waves it significantly exceeds 2.7K that comes into conflict with the hypothesis of the background relic origin and the idea of the big bang. It follows from the results obtained that the observable nonblackbody electromagnetic background is not a relic one and it has a star origin. For majority opinion to change on the correctness of the hot big-bang cosmology, it is clear that one or more of the arguments given above must be seen to fail ... However, if a change does occur, it will probably come from one of three directions: ... A demonstration that there is an other plausible mechanism which could be responsible for the MBR, probably related to the idea that it does not have a perfect blackbody spectrum and/or that it could not have been coupled to the matter at an earlier epoch (Burbidge, 1989, p. 988)
The experimental hypothesis verification of the ether existence in nature, i.e. the material medium, responsible for electromagnetic waves propagation has been performed. The optical measuring method of the ether movement velocity and the ether kinematic viscosity has been proposed and realized. The results of systematic measurements do not contradict the original hypothesis statements and can be considered as experimental imagination confirmation of the ether existence in nature, as the material medium.
The basic concepts of the general relativity theory (GRT), such as space, time, the relativity of simultaneity, are systematically analyzed. The logical inconsistencies of basic GRT notions are indicated. Many disputable and contradictory points of this theory and its corollaries are considered in detail.
The author has offered the version of an explanation of anomalies of the Pioneer 10/11 motion on the basis of the Universe gravitational viscosity.
After independent repetition of the recently reported break-through experimentation on homopolar induction by Guala-Valverde et al [Apeiron, 8, 41 (2001)] some considerations are drawn on the torque-production mechanism applicable to machines founded on that principle. These considerations are based on the ``action-at-a-distance'' Ampere-Weber-Assis rationale.