**Spacetime & Substance**

International Physical Journal

**CONTENTS of No. 1(11)-2002**

Viktor Aleshinsky.ELECTRODYNAMICS: THE CONSISTENT FORMULAS OF INTERACTION FOR A CURRENT ELEMENTS, A MOVING CHARGES AND NEW EFFECTS (1)

Michel Bounias.ON SPACETIME DIFFERENTIAL ELEMENTS AND THE DISTRIBUTION OF BIO-HAMILTONIAN COMPONENTS (15)

P. A. Varenik and Yu. P. Varenik.THE NEW VIEW ON THE NATURE OF BODYS INERTIA AND LAWS OF NEWTONIAN DYNAMICS (20)

V.V.Dvoeglazov.GENERALIZED NEUTRINO EQUATIONS BY THE SAKURAI-GERSTEN METHOD (28)

Miroslav Sukenik and Jozef Sima.THE HYDROGEN ATOM --- A COMMON POINT OF PARTICLE PHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY (31)

Miroslav Sukenik and Jozef Sima.NEUTRON STAR PROPERTIES VIEVED BY THE ENU MODEL (35)

L.C.Garcia de Andrade.ON STRING COSMOLOGY AND DE SITTER INFLATION WITH MASSLESS DILATONS AND DYNAMICAL TORSION (38)

C.A.de Souza Lima Jr. and L.C.Garcia de Andrade.GROWTH AND DECAY OF INGOMOGENEITIES IN NEWTONIAN COSMOLOGY: SPIN EFFECTS (39)

L.C.Garcia de Andrade and C. Sivaram.TORSION GRAVITATION AHARONOV-BOHM EFFECT (42)

L.C.Garcia de Andrade.TORSION GRAVITY EFFECTS ON CHARGED-PARTICLE AND NEUTRON INTERFEROMETERS (45)

Rasulkhozha S. Sharafiddinov.ON THE COMPOUND STRUCTURES OF THE NEUTRINO MASS AND CHARGE (47)

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Using some original models for mental experiments it have shown that official electrodynamics contradicts all principles including the law of conservation of center of gravity, impulse, impulse moment for cycle, energy in closed system. I have obtained the new formulas for interaction force between current elements, which ensure observance of all principles. It has allowed revealing a series of new effects: dependence of a conductor inductance on the value of an adjacent uncompensated static charge, emergence of EMF in a current loop (which may be bifillary) at the moment of value alteration of adjacent charges, transformation of DC from one external source-supplied bifillary loop to another common loop at asymmetrical position of loops and change of signal propagation velocity along a two-conductor line with a static charge stationed nearby.

Various Hamiltonian models have been derived for chemical structures belonging to living organisms while the Hamiltonian concept was not applied to life as a whole. However, Hamiltonian components were recently defined for living organisms on the condition to take in consideration their evolutionary implications (Bounias, 2001: CASYS'0l). This paper identifies differential elements of Spacetime, from which it delimits a probabilistic fuzzy-like invariance standing for conservativity of biological Hamiltonians. The distributions of potential and kinetic components in a individual bio-Hamiltonian, and the distribution of such individual Hamiltonians of living organisms interacting in more complex systems are shown to behave as a non-linear generalized convolution of functions.

In this article the authors present the foundations they have developed for non-relativistic dynamics. Contrary to the traditional views but in agreement with experimental data the forces of inertia in this dynamics are regarded as the real forces that act on the bodies moving with absolute acceleration in inertial and non-inertial reference frames. The system of Newton's laws has been subjected to the analysis and supplemented with amendments that improve the agreement of non-relativistic dynamics with experimental data. The second and the third law of Newton in the proposed dynamics are the consequence of the more general laws of dynamics. Like the general theory of relativity, the proposed non-relativistic dynamics, as the authors have shown, estimates correctly the magnitude of the angle of deflection for the light beam passing by the Sun.

I discuss generalized spin-1/2 massless equations for neutrinos. They have been obtained by Gersten's method for derivation of arbitrary-spin equations. Possible physical consequences are discussed.

Based on the background of the model of Expansive Nondecelerative Universe and stemming from a postulate stating that the energy of any particle can be understood as being created by the planckton gravitational energy, deep relationships between the energy parameters of the hydrogen atom (ionisation energy, fine structure constant, hyperfine splitting), mass parameters of its constituents (the proton and electron masses), energy of the elementary quantum of action, the Planck mass, the Z and W bosons masses, and fundamental constants are unveiled. It is suggested that relations coupling also other bosons and leptons properties might be in force.

Up-to-now known characteristics of radio pulsars, such as mass limits, magnetic field intensity, rotational period, and maximum radiation are mainly of empirical nature. Applying the Expansive Nondecelerative Universe model (ENU) into the issue allows to offer a deeper theoretical explanation of the known parameters and to estimate their limits. Using the ENU approach the following values related to synchrotron radiation emitting radio pulsars were estimated: the lower and upper limits of magnetic field intensity are $B_{P(\min )} \cong 8.5\times 10^{6}$\,T, and $B_{P(\max )} \cong 4.4\times 10^{9}$\,T, respectively, the maximum rotation period reaches 3.9\,s, the maximum radiation output of a pulsar is $P_{P(\mathit{rad},\max )} \cong 5.6\times 10^{29}$\,W (all the values relate to radio pulsars with 1.4 solar masses and radius $r = 10^{4}$\,m and are mass and radius dependent). These values are in accordance with the experimental observations.

Variation of the $4-D$ string cosmology action with dynamical torsion and massless dilatons lead to an expression of torsion in terms of massless dilatons in the case of de Sitter inflation.The solution is approximated according to the COBE data.

The growing and decaying modes of inhomogeneities in Newtonian cosmology caused by small perturbations and its spin effects are investigated in detail in the realm of Newtonian Cosmology. As an example we consider the Einstein-de Sitter cosmological model with spin corrections and the instability of the Einstein static model with spin density.

Torsion gravitational contribution to the Aharonov-Bohm (A-B) effects is estimated. Phase difference between two beams of electrons is shown to be torsion dependent. It is possible to place limits on torsion by measuring the A-B phase. Torsion contributions to A-B phase on the earth experiments is computed. Due to the very small torsion field on the surface of the earth $Q_{\star}\cong 10^{-24}\ s^{-1}$ this is a very small effect. Never theless a " gedanken " A-B experiment performed on the surface of a rotating neutron Star ($Q_{NS}\cong 10\ s^{-1}$) would lead to an appreciable phase shift in quantum interference experiments.

Torsion gravitational effects in the quantum interference of charged particles are investigated. The influence of axial torsion in the Schiff-Banhill effect (SB) inside a metallic shell is given. The effect of torsion on the surface of the earth on (SB) experiment is estimated. Torsion gravity effects on the Sagnac phase-shift of neutron interferometry are also computed.

The mass and charge of a particle correspond to the most diverses form of the same regularity of the nature of this field. As a consequence, each of all possible types of charges testify in favor of the existence of a kind of the inert mass. Therefore, to investigate these features we have established the compound structures of mass and charge. They can explain also the availability of fundamental differences in the charges as well as in the masses of Dirac and Majorana neutrinos.

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