**Spacetime & Substance**

International Physical Journal

**CONTENTS of No. 4(9)-2001**

PROGRAM OF THE 1-ST SCIENTIFIC SEMINAR.(145)

V.R.Terrovere.KLEINS FOUNDATIONS OF THE UNITED THEORY OF FUNDAMENTAL INTERACTIONS AND PROBLEM OF GRAVITATIONAL SCREENING (147)

N.A.Zhuck.PROPERTIES OF THE YUKAWA POTENTIAL AND GRAVITATIONAL SCREENING OF A SUBSTANCE (153)

A.A.Chernitskii.DIRECT VARIATION OF SPACE-TIME METRIC BY ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD (161)

K.N.Sinitsyn.ON THE IDEA OF GRAVITATIONAL SHIELDING OF MATTER IN BINARY MODEL (164)

Volodymyr Krasnoholovets.ON THE MASS OF ELEMENTARY CARRIERS OF GRAVITATIONAL INTERACTION (169)

S.A.Sannikov-Proskuryakov, M.J.T.F.Cabbolet.TOWARDS THE ETHER THEORY (APOLOGY OF THE ETHER) (171)

N.A.Zhuck.ON THE UNITED NATURE OF GRAVITATIONAL, ELECTROMAGNETIC AND NUCLEAR INTERACTIONS (175)

V.I.Balabay.DIFFUSION MODEL OF THE PHYSICAL VACUUM AND ITS EXPERIMENTAL CONFIRMATION (181)

V.Ph.Tihonov.POLARIZATION MODEL OF HYDROGEN ATOM (189)

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After an Einstein the author offers the next speculation based on Erlang's program of F.Klein, proclaiming the thesis: the motion generates geometry. The work is devoted to development new paradigm of the united theory of interactions of fundamental particles and application it to gravitational screening of macroobjects.

The unknown characteristics of the Yukawa potential are presented. It is shown that the gravitational interactions are described perfectly by this potential. The analogy between gravitation and nuclear interactions is detected. The appearance of mass defect at merging several material bodies is property both nuclear interactions and gravitation.

In view of the problem for compensation or shielding of the gravitational interaction the unified approach based on nonlinear electrodynamics is considered. In this approach two long range interactions of the material objects, electromagnetism and gravitation, are presented as nonlinear electrodynamics effects of the first and second orders accordingly by the small field of distant particles-solitons. In the second order there is an effective Riemann space induced by electromagnetic filed, i.e. we have the direct variation of space-time metric by electromagnetic filed. This effect is real, irrespective of the interpretation for gravitational interaction. The possibility for the compensation of gravitation by electromagnetic field is shown with help of a simplest example in the context of this approach.

It is well known that Einstein prediction of the gravitational waves in 1916 is a perturbations of space-time. We see that in an obtained region of Universe the powerful gravitational waves occures in nature from bursts of supernovaes, collisions of neutrons stars, black holes and in time of non-simmetrical gravitational collapses. In present days many scientists turn to opportunity of detectors of gravitational waves for proof of truth Einsteins prediction. In this connection is proposed the analysis of structure of the gravitational waves as a quadrupole derivation of two types of gravitons - quick and slow - within of the binary model of distribution of the density substance which was shown in earlier papers. This poin of view allows to speak that gravitational waves (radiation) is complex type of interaction which we find as gravity phenomenon because one type of action gravitons on the substance is less, than other type of action. In the mean time, the quick gravitons in the binary model are real cadidates on the role of particles for shielding of gravitational interaction of matter. Comparison of the model of detector in the binary model and in standart theory allows to speak about new opportunities to detect of gravitational waves in detectors of first generation.

Based on the theory of submicroscopic quantum mechanics recently constructed by the author the mass of elementary spatial excitations called inertons, which accompany a moving particle, is estimated herein. These excitations are treated as carriers of both inertial and gravitational properties of the particle.

It is demonstrated that the ether idea is to be in agreement with all experimental data supporting the special relativity: at the pure kinematic level the addition of ether to the Galileian space $M_{3} \otimes M_{1} $ transforms this into the Minkowski space $M_{3,1} $ . It turns out that the reason of this property of ether is the Heisenberg algebra $h_{8}^{\left( {\ast} \right)} $ underlying the dynamical theory of ether. At this more deep dynamical level ether is a source of all forms of matter (fundamental particles and their interactions) and of the space-time continuum. In the 20th century, without fundamental reason, two serious mistakes were made: rejection of the ether idea from physics and, as a result, the introduction of so called non-proper functions. Ultraviolet divergences in quantized field theory originate from these mistakes; they caused the nowadays clearly observable halt in the development of physics.

Ways of unifying physical interactions are shown. The gravitation is shown as infringement of symmetry of electrical forces. Formula of gravitational constant is deduced. Constant of nuclear interactions is found.

The analysis of performances measuring methods of the perfect vacuum is given. It is shown, that the perfect vacuum has the energy performances, and its inhomogeneities represent radiants (sinks) creating temperature lapse rates and diffusion streams. Interaction of bodies in the perfect vacuum is featured by general legitimacies proper in processes in thermodynamics, electrodynamics, gas-dynamics and hydrodynamics, which feature transport phenomenas and diffusions.

Model of hydrogen atom, in which the proton has the terminating geometrical sizes and consists of system of charges polarized at a Coulomb interaction of a proton with an electron is considered. It is proved that the interaction energy ensuring evaluation of a radiation spectrum of hydrogen atom with enough by a high degree of accuracy is featured by a continuous oscillating curve.

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