**Spacetime & Substance**

International Physical Journal

**CONTENTS of No. 4(4)-2000**

**The Ukrainian-Russian Conference
"GRAVITATION, COSMOLOGY AND RELATIVISTIC ASTROPHYSICS"(GRAV-2000)
**

Part 1. The separate reports in English

SCIENTIFIC PROGRAMM (145)

S.A. Belousova.THE DESCRIPTION OF THE SADRON SPIN POLARIZABILITIES BY THE COVARIANT LAGRANGIAN AT LOW ENERGIES (151)

Justin Chashihin.DIMINUTION OF COSMIC DISTANCES SOLVES PROBLEMS OF SOLAR NEUTRINOS, SUPERLUMINAL EXPANSION AND GALACTIC HALOS (153)

Justin Chashihin.QUANTUM SOLUTION OF SINGULARITIES PROBLEM IN GENERAL RELATIVITY (157)

Justin Chashihin.AN IDEA FOR DIRECT EXPERIMENTAL MEASUREMENT OF THE SPEED OF GRAVITATIONAL INTERACTION (161)

A.K. Guts.THE RELATION OF UNCERTAINTY FOR RADIUS OF THE UNIVERSE (163)

D.V. Kattzyn, E.V. Saveljev.CONFORMITY IN THE SOLUTIONS OF EINSTEIN EQUATIONS FOR MODELS OF THE MULTIVARIATE UNIVERSE, FILLED WITH SUBSTANCE (165)

D.L. Khokhlov.ON THE FLATNESS AND HORIZON PROBLEMS (168)

Doris Kiekhoven.GRAVO-INERTIAL FIELD THEORY (170)

V. Krasnoholovets.SPACE STRUCTURE AND QUANTUM MECHANICS (172)

Rasulkhozha S. Sharafiddinov.ON THE GRAVITATIONAL FIELD OF THE ELECTRIC CHARGE (176)

K.N. Sinitsyn.THE "BLACK HOLES" AND NATURE OF "DARK MATTER" IN THE BINARY MODEL OF DISTRIBUTION OF THE DENSITY SUBSTANCE AND NATURE OF GRAVITY (179)

K.N. Sinitsyn.THE BINARY MODEL OF DISTRIBUTION OF THE DENSITY SUBSTANCE AND NATURE OF GRAVITY (182)

N.A. Zhuck.FIELD FORMULATION OF THE GENERAL RELATIVITY AND COSMOLOGY (186)

V.A. Zykunov.SPIN EFFECTS OF THE W-PRODUCTION IN HADRON-HADRON COLLISIONS (191)

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On the basis of the correspondence principle between the relativistic moving medium electrodynamics and relativistic quantum field theory the covariant Lagrangian of the electromagnetic field interaction with the polarized spin particles have been obtained. This Lagrangian satisfies the main relativistic quantum field theory requirements and contains four independent covariant spin structures, which have particular physical meaning.

The purpose of this paper is to present unified solution of the problems of the solar neutrinos, superluminal expansion and galactic halos. I present facts proving that the real age of the universe is several orders less than billions years, and that its diameter is millions times less.

The intergalactic and interstellar distances were calculated before appearance of the general relativity proving that space is curved. Here I show that the relativistic correction of distances (since space is curved) very strongly influences on the calculated distance, our notion of distances very strongly depends on the curvature of space where travel the light rays we observe. The correction diminutes distances up to million times.

The theory of the young age of the universe solving the problems, very well correlates with many other facts of geophysics and astrophysics. These facts prove that the real age of the universe 30 million years. Some of the facts are presented in the internet on my web page http://www.cnt.ru/users/chas. Radio-isotope dating has theoretical inconsintencies and contradicts many observable facts that prove younger age of the rocks. Analysis of the theory of plate tectonics by Newtonian mechanics proves that continents drifted at deceleration by friction force just several hours, not 200 millions years. This result is presented in the web-page and also on geological conferences.

Using quantum theory I suggest solutions of spacetime singularities problem in general relativity. I show that quantum gravitational collapse is not unlimited compression; for star of any big mass it stops at the stage of neutron star, without formation of event horizon and singularity because, as I show, there is utmost, maximal density of substance in quantum gravity - density of degenerate ultrarelativistic fermi-matter of the neutrons. Thanks to quantum laws, star heats up and explodes at quantum gravitational collapse. This is observed experimentally: this causes supernova explosion. I show that classical general relativity has quantum limit - it is unsuitable for correct quantum description of high densities and pressures which are achieved at gravitational collapse, where localization of quantum particles and Heisenberg's indeterminacy principle play essential role.

Conclusions got using quantum theory are: singularities do not exist; there was not "big bang" singularity. The full article is presented in the Internet: http://www.cnt.ru/users/chas

I suggest a way of direct experimental measurement of the speed of gravitational interaction. Since sunlight comes to Earth for 8 minutes, Earth is rotated at angle of $2^o$ of arc. Hence visual image of sun is at $2^o$ behind of the real location of the sun. If gravitational image of sun coincides with its real location, then speed of gravitational interaction is equal to infinity. This experiment provides direct measurement of the speed of gravitational interaction. Full article is presented in the internet on my web page http://www.cnt.ru/users/chas

We get the relation of uncertainty $ \Delta R\Delta D\sim c_2 $ connecting the mean square derivations $ \Delta R$ and $ \Delta D $ of radius of the Universe and velocity disorganization of event as the phenomena respectively.

In operation the blanket property of cross conformity of the Einstein equations solutions is considered for models of the homogeneous isotropic Universe of arbitrary measurings number, featured by the generalized Robertson-Wolker metric. The sectional conformity is featured through the performances of conformal-evclidian space filled with substance associated with this. One of consequences also is erected the Einstein equations for a s ectional case allowing in some cases much to facilitate examination of the exact solutions.

It is considered the close universe in the laboratory system. The total mass of the universe in the laboratory system is equal to zero. Therefore the gravity does not define the evolution of the universe. The size of the universe is defined by the size of the horizon $a=ct$. The mass of the matter in the universe is equal to its selfgravity. From this it follows that the scale of mass grows with time $m=c^2 a/G=c^3 t/G$. Then the universe avoids the flatness and horizon problems.

Inertia is defined axiomatically. The gravitational field is caused by the flow of intergalactic masses. Origin of space and time are connected with fields. The cosmos is bounded by inertia and gravitation, which is the sequence of existence of two fields, the inertial field and the gravic field as a vortex field.Gravic and inertial field combine to a unit, the gravo-inertial field. The separation in gravic and inertial components depend on the coordinate system of motion.

A new concept of constitution of nature is considered. The constructed submicroscopic quantum mechanics is deterministic and is characterised by elementary excitations of the space net that is treated as the tesselation of balls, or superparticles. Said excitations called "inertons" accompany any canonical particle when it moves. It is shown theoretically that the introduction of inertons obviates all conceptual difficulties of orthodox quantum mechanics. The theory has been verified experimentally. It is argued that just inertons play the role of real carriers in the gravitational interaction.

The idea has been speaked out that any of Dirac and Pauli form factors of leptonic current includes in self both normal and anomalous components. From this point of view, with the use of cross sections of elastic scattering of unpolarized and longitudinal polarized electrons and their neutrinos by spinless nuclei the dependence of independent parts of charge and magnetic moment is established. Some considerations of a connection between the mass of a particle and its electromagnetic nature are listed which can explain also the appearance of gravitational field of a Coulomb interaction. All they state that the four - component neutrino similarly to the electron must have the normal and anomalous electric charges.

This report is continue of presentation for applications the binary model in relativistic astrophysics. It is based on exact decision for perturbation of density substance. It is show that this decisions well agreement with data of some experiments and gives ability to overcomings problem with "middle-weight" of "black holes" and simple meaning of a phenomena, which know in astrophysics as a "dark matter"

This is a presentation for new model that named binary. It is based on differentiation of all values of the density substance on average arithmetic and actually is dividing on the degree of digit two. The density of substance, velocity, space and time are terms of space-time operator in the binary model. It allows to determinate every parameter of modern physics or cosmology in such approach. Thus the binary model of distribution of the density substance is more universal than other and very suitable for computer simulations. In addition it gives simple algorithm for calculation of values of a parameters which well agree with data of some experiments.

It is shown, that the Einstein equations with the cosmological term describe only the flat and static Universe. They are conversed to the field shape and are simplified under these requirements. The solution of these equations is found in the shape of the Yukawa potential, which contains the constant called as the gravitational interactions radius. The concept of a gravitational interactions area of a material body with the Universe is defined according to the constant. It is shown, that the given area changes its location in the space at acceleration or retarding of the body action. It is accompanied by energy change of the body gravitational connections with the Universe. The identity of inertial and gravitational masses is proved unambiguous at definition of the character and quantity of these changes according to the Mach principle. It shown that the redshift grows out of such interrelation, and microwave background radiation is equilibrium radiation of all objects of the Universe. Gravitational viscosity and geodetic curvature of the Universe, and also screening properties of a substance are detected.

The processes of the single W-production in hadron-hadron collisions are suggested for investigation of the nucleon spin. An approach is proposed for the determination quark spin densities at low $x$.

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